Emergency contraception is also known as Plan B or the morning after pill.
What is emergency contraception and how does it work?
- One type of emergency contraception is Levonorgestrel (Plan B One Step, Take Action, My Way, EContra)
- Works by preventing ovulation (the release of an egg from an ovary).
- Emergency contraception should be taken as soon as possible following unprotected vaginal-penile sex, preferably within 72 hours, up to 5 days.
- If taken within three days after unprotected sex emergency contraception is 75-89% effective in reducing the change of getting pregnant.
- Emergency contraception does not work if you are already pregnant, or you have already ovulated.
- Emergency contraception is not as effective when an individual weighs over 165 lbs. (check the instructions or with your doctor about which emergency contraception is best for you). IUDs and ella (a prescription brand of emergency contraception) are better options if you weigh more than 165 lbs.
Who can take emergency contraception?
People with uteruses who had unprotected sex and/or as result of a contraceptive method failing, a condom broke, or is a survivor of rape or sexual assault.
How old do you need to be to purchase emergency contraception?
Emergency contraception can be purchased by anyone of any age.
Is emergency contraception prescribed by doctors to patients?
There are different types of emergency contraception. Some require a prescription like ella or the Copper IUD, whereas others do not require a prescription and can be obtained over the counter.
How effective is emergency contraception in preventing pregnancy?
The sooner emergency contraception is taken, the more effective it is. Emergency contraception should be taken within 72 hours after unprotected vaginal-penile sex. Some brands are effective up to five days.
What does emergency contraception do concerning pregnancy?
Emergency contraception does not terminate a pregnancy, it works by preventing ovulation, or rather the joining between sperm and egg (fertilization).
How many times can I take emergency contraception? During the year, week, hours?
Currently, there are no restrictions on how many times a person can take emergency contraception. However, it is not recommended to use emergency contraception as your routine birth control method due to the possible side effects including upset stomach, feeling dizzy or lightheaded or breast tenderness. Emergency contraception or Plan B is accurately named.
Should I take emergency contraception with another contraceptive?
If you are compliant with other birth control methods, then there is no need to utilize emergency contraception as it is designed for emergency situations.
What are the potential side effects of emergency contraception?
- Do not take if you are allergic to levonorgestrel.
- Speak to a healthcare provider if you vomit within two hours of taking emergency contraception.
- Emergency contraception does not prevent the transmission of STIs or HIV/AIDS.
- Consult your healthcare provider if you are currently taking HIV medication, tuberculosis treatment, or medication for seizures.
- This product may cause: menstrual changes, nausea, lower stomach pain, tiredness, headache, dizziness, breast pain, and vomiting.
* Consult your healthcare provider if you have additional questions or concerns